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WHAT IS TURQUOISE MEANING
The name of this ancient mineral derived from the Persian word “firusa”, which meaning is "a stone of happiness". In another version of the name of the stone came from the Persian word “piroza” – “victory”. The name turquoise comes from the French words "pierre turquoise” – “Turkish stone”.

Persians believed that the turquoise become bones of people who died of love. Thus turquoise gave as a sign of sensory impulses, she was a symbol of true love, and according to popular belief, have the ability to comfort the heart, broken unhappy love. Among the peoples of Asian and Caucasian turquoise was part of a wedding dress the bride. In the Middle Ages, women who wanted to attract a man, sewn into his clothing piece of turquoise. The merchants of the East believed that the hand decorated turquoise ring, will never become scanty.

Aztecs called turquoise "kalchihyuitl" and believed that it was petrified tears of the goddess of the sky. Turquoise gemstone symbolized their health, prosperity, and was a symbol of Love. Not by chance turquoise is often called the "Aztec stone”. However, the Mexican Indians turquoise gem was "stone of war”. Pieces of turquoise inlay skull. These days you can see such exhibits in the museum of American Indians (New York). In some tribal pieces of turquoise have also performed the role of money.

Sky-blue turquoise is considered "young", the color causing the copper ions. For the bright blue turquoise was called "heavenly stone". Greenish turquoise is considered "old". In fact, the greenish tint gives the stone iron compounds. Sometimes they color the mineral in the yellowish-green or apple-green shades.

Deposits of turquoise exist in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Find it in the Caucasus, Iran, the USA (Nevada, Colorado, California and New Mexico), Chile, Ethiopia, Australia and China. Turquoise from Sinai in the past called "Egyptian".
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TURQUOISE JEWELRY
The ancient Egyptians carved from turquoise scarab figures, which were symbols of peace.
Aztec turquoise encrusted ritual masks. American Indians carved from turquoise animal figurines - amulets, which were supposed to bring good luck during the hunt.
It is believed that the most beautiful blue turquoise is produced from the mines of Khorasan province in Iran.
Color of the mineral can fade after prolonged wear, because turquoise deteriorates under the influence of soap, alcohol, perfumes and oils. Maybe so was born a belief that turquoise color fades when love passes.

In the middle of the XVI century Agri-cola wrote that fake turquoise is extremely easy. Today fake turquoise is obtained by pressing colored in blue aluminum phosphate.

This obtained forgery had nearly the same appearance, hardness and density, as real turquoise, but unlike natural stone, melted in the flame of a blow torch. So-called "Vienna" turquoise is produced by co-grinding, heating and pressing a mixture of malachite and aluminum hydroxide and phosphoric acid.

Traditionally, turquoise quality is possesses a bright shade of blue summer sky. It must be borne in mind as often "turquoise" is considered a blue-green color, which have many samples, especially obtained in Arizona.

Unfortunately, turquoise almost could not be verified, because often devoid of defects and there is little transparency, and therefore its intrinsic properties remain hidden. In addition, it is usually make cabochon, which makes it impossible to check on the refractometer, creating a real challenge for gemologists. For a lover, not having in his possession a spectroscope, the problem is unsolvable. Do not forget that turquoise can be covered with colored powder, mixed with the basis of gum to enhance the color, that it imitates with a variety of materials, including glass and porcelain.

The relatively rare turquoise stone - odontolite, formed from the bones, we refer to her as she once came across a valuable diamond jewelry 1830. After identifying this fact, the price rose even jewelry (accurately distinguish odontolit can, inflicting on its surface a microscopic drop of acid, under the influence of which will fizzle presence of a calcium carbonate).
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TURQUOISE HEALING PROPERTIES
According to the Russian academician Fersman "not a single stone, which would play a major role in human superstitions, than just the Persian turquoise”. In Persian turquoise was a symbol of good luck and victory.

In the Middle Ages turquoise gem was considered a powerful talisman that can protect its owner from poisons and poisonings. In modern mythology, turquoise is a stone courageous people, capable of leading the struggle against evil.
Turquoise jewelry are advised to wear people are not afraid of risk and striving for victory. It was believed that a piece of turquoise protects riders from rock falls. According to ancient beliefs, amulet of turquoise helps the hunter or the arrow hitting the target, so the pieces of turquoise inlay bows and guns.
Jewelry of turquoise are successful in financial affairs and attract money. It is for this feature to attract attention to Russian horse dealers very fond of turquoise and believed that it gives the opportunity to sell "perverse" horses for the price excellent.
It is believed that turquoise is conducive to peace in the family, ending the couple's disputes. Therefore, in Germany from turquoise even cut wedding rings.

Turquoise is stone of fearless people, always ready to confront the abuser. Not by chance in ancient times often decorated with turquoise handle knives and swords. Turquoise jewellery form fearlessness, fortitude and perseverance.

Turquoise is "Yin" stone. The most active think the sky-blue turquoise. If turquoise jewelry has become dull, it may be an indication of the onset of the disease. Turquoise strengthens eyesight, relieves insomnia and nightmares, facilitates headaches.

The Indian lithotherapy say turquoise is the most important stimulator of the throat chakra. Therefore, this mineral has a positive effect on the vocal cords and thyroid. Mongolian lamas believed that turquoise is an indicator of human health: its color changes with the state of the owner.

Becoming dim, or a green stone can serve as a first sign of illness starts (remember that in modern conditions the color of the stone can deteriorate under the influence of soap, alcohol, perfumes and soaps). It is also believed that turquoise color can be restored if it would be absolutely healthy person with a strong aura. Medicinal healing properties have only real turquoise, its simulation, including artificial stones, treatment should not apply.
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TURQUOISE BIRTHSTONE
Turquoise jewelry are best suited for people born under the signs Taurus and Sagittarius. Do not wear turquoise people born under the sign of Virgo.
Turquoise is a stone of the planets Jupiter and Venus. Especially recommended to wear jewelry with turquoise on Fridays, that is a day dedicated to love and Venus.
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